خلاصه مقاله:Nosocomial infection is one of the most important issues among patients admitted to intensive care units, which leads to serious and sometimes irreversible complications. During one year, the frequency of nosocomial infections acquired in the ICU and the factors affecting it were prospectively studied in the pediatric and neonatal intensive care units of Bandar Abbas Children's Hospital.
Method: Out of 1000 patients admitted to this ward, 457 patients admitted to the ICU for more than 48 hours were included in this study and underwent repeated clinical and laboratory evaluations.
Results: Of these, 56 patients (42.8%) were infected with the highest age group of patients under two years (mean age 15 months). The mean length of hospital stay among patients was 18.7 days and the highest type of lower respiratory tract infection was found (66.5%). Blood, skin and then urinary tract and gastrointestinal infections and surgical wounds were in the next degree. The most responsible organisms were Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella infection (33.4%) in each case, which were resistant to common antibiotics in 73.3% of cases.
The use of diagnostic-therapeutic devices such as endotracheal tube, mechanical ventilation device and gastric catheter in addition to the duration of hospitalization and intravenous feeding had a significant relationship with the rate of nosocomial infection.