خلاصه مقاله:Postoperative infection is the most common complication of surgery, which is emphasized by morning examinations and reports in educational departments. The most important way to deal with it is to prevent its occurrence, and this is not possible unless you know the ways of transmission and the pattern of infection, so it is important to examine the operating room space, surgical instruments and the patient's body. In this study, due to the incidence of infection after surgery, the incidence pattern and the factors affecting it in 1399 have been investigated.
For this purpose, a descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 2202 samples prepared from the operating room space, surgical instruments and the patient's body and the samples were cultured in two cultures of eosin methylene blue and chocolate agar.
360 contaminated samples were reported. The incidence of operating room infection was 32%. The highest frequency of infected sampling site was related to operating room space with 211 cases (87.5%), 82.8% of microbes were sensitive to gentamicin and ciprofloxacin antibiotics and 85% were resistant to ampicillin and amoxicillin.
This study showed that the prevalence of infection in the operating room of teaching and medical hospitals was high.