Strongyloides stercoralis is a globally distributed human intestinal nematode. To prevent and treat these diseases, information on the distribution and frequency of these parasites in different geographical areas is needed. Considering the importance of parasitic diseases, especially strongyloidiasis in the Northern provinces, the present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis in the spiritual hospital of Mazandaran province in Babol city.
From April to March 2017, stool samples were collected from people referring to Rouhani Hospital. Microscopic detection was performed immediately using the wet expansion method, followed by a formal-ether concentration process for Strongyloides stercoralis detectin. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), paired samples t-test and Chi-square were used for statistical analysis of data WITH SPSS 21 (P-value less than 0.05).
The prevalence of parasitic infection in urban and rural patients was 725 (44.18%) and 916 (55.81%), respectively. The prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis was observed in 39 patients, of which 20 were women and 19 men. There were also 17 infected patients from the city, and 22 patients from the rural areas. There was a significant relationship between the patient's location and the prevalence of the parasite. People in rural areas were more infected (P-value less than 0.05).
This study showed that Strongyloides stercoralis have a high prevalence in patients in rural region. Given the potential risks of these infections, it is recommended that regular screening be performed to diagnose and treat parasitic diseases in this population.