Investigation of the prevalence of Head Lice and Factors Affecting Them in Infected People Referring to Gerash County Health Center

Elham Rezaee ©, Elmira Zarei, Parisa Bagheri

Investigation of the prevalence of Head Lice and Factors Affecting Them in Infected People Referring to Gerash County Health Center

کد: G-50782

نویسندگان: Elham Rezaee ©, Elmira Zarei, Parisa Bagheri

زمان بندی: زمان بندی نشده!

برچسب: انگل شناسی پزشکی

دانلود: دانلود پوستر

خلاصه مقاله:

Background and Aim

Pediculosis is one of the most common parasitic diseases that affect a wide range of age groups. The prevention of head lice infections promotes the physical and mental health of people in the community. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of head lice infections and the factors affecting them in those who referred to health centers in Gerash County from 2011 to 2018.

Methods

This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on patients suspected with head lice infections in health centers in Gerash. These infections were diagnosed by observing adult lice, nymphs, or nits on the head with the help of a magnifying glass. The collected data were then analyzed using SPSS software, version 22 and p-value less than 0.05 was considered as the significance level.

Results

In general, 66 410 patients suspected with head lice were examined, of whom 2,547 cases (3.83%) were reported with confirmed infections including 2395 female (94.03%) and 152 male (5.97%) cases. The highest levels of infections were reported in the age group of 6-10 years while the lowest levels of infections were found in children less than 6 years of age. A significant statistical relationship was observed between head lice and gender, age, season, and the place of residence, and year of infection (p-value less than 0.05).

Conclusion

Due to the increasing trend of head lice infections in recent years, pediculosis is still considered a health problem. Therefore, training on personal hygiene, adequate access to health services, and early diagnosis and treatment can play an important role in the prevention and elimination of head lice.

Keywords

Head lice; Pediculosis; Epidemiology; Gerash

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