Prevalence of brucellosis in blood donors referred to Malalai Hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan
نویسندگان: Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Saeid Abroun ©, Mahram Ali Mehran
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Background and Aim
Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection transmitted from animals to humans. Which is considered as a health problem in different cities of Afghanistan.The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum prevalence of brucellosis in blood donors in Malalai Hospital in Kabul
In a descriptive cross-sectional study, anti-Brucella antibodies were tested in the blood serum of donors referred to Malalai Hospital in Kabul. All blood samples were qualitatively tested for Rose Bengal. Wright and 2ME tests were then performed on positive samples of Rose Bengal. A titer of greater than or equal 1/80 for STAT and a titer of greater than or equal 1/40 for 2ME were taken as criteria of brucellosis. Findings were analyzed using SPSS software and Friedman statistical test.
Of the 2,000 blood donors, 85 (4.25%) had a Rose Bengal test, 49 (2.45%) had a Wright of 1.8 and above, and 26 (1.3%) had a Meme 140 and above. Serum prevalence of brucellosis was calculated to be 1.3%. There was no significant relationship between serum prevalence of brucellosis, age and sex of blood donors.The highest prevalence was in people who came to Kabul from Bamyan and Ghazni and the lowest prevalence was observed in donors living in Kabul. There was a statistically significant relationship between the season and place of residence of blood donors and the prevalence of brucellosis. (P = 0.026) and (p = 0.041, respectively)
According to the results of this study, the serum prevalence of brucellosis in blood donors who came to Malalai Hospital is higher than expected. However, Brucella is very common in most cities, including Bamyan.
Blood Donors; Brucellosis; Seroprevalence; test
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