Prevalence of blood fillers in stray dogs in Shirvan city of North Khorasan province
نویسندگان: Majid Mataranloy, Hassan Borji ©, Mohammad Heidarpour, Javad Mohammadi Moghadam
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انگل شناسی پزشکی
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Background and Aim
Heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) is mosquito-borne filarial nematode capable of causing serious cardiopulmonary disease in canines and felines, and pulmonary dirofilariasis in man. This research was conducted with the objectives of determining the incidence and assessing possible risk factors of canine heartworm in the Shirvan city of North Khorasan province.
In the present study, from December 2020 to July 2021 blood samples were collected from 109 guard dogs and 91 sheepdogs. And the presence of microfiller was checked by modified Knott test.
In total, only 3 of the 200 dogs were infected with microfilariae. All 3 samples were infected with Dipetalonema reconditum microfiller and no specimen was infected with Dirofilaria immitis microfiller. Infection rate was 2 samples in Sheepdogs (1%) and 1 sample in guard dogs (0.5%). Although the infection rate was higher in sheepdogs, there was no statistically significant difference (p < 0.05). Although the rate of infection was higher in dogs over 3 years old (1%) compared to those under 3 years old (0.5%) and it was higher in male dogs (1%) compared to female dogs (0.5%), but the differences were not statistically significant.
the results from this study showed that the only cause of infection, in the investigated area was Dipetalonema reconditum.
Dog blood fillers; Dirofilaria immitis; Dipetalonema reconditum
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