Frequency of virulence-associated genotypes of Helicobacter pylori and their correlation with clinical outcome and histological parameters in infected patients
نویسندگان: Milad Shahini Shams Abadi ©
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Background and Aim
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a gram-negative which can cause several gastroduodenal diseases, including gastritis and peptic ulcer disease (PUD). H. pylori specific genotypes have been related to increased occurrence of gastritis and PUD. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical relevance of the major virulence factors of H. pylori with clinical outcomes and histological parameters in Iranian patients.
Totally, 200 subjects with PUD and gastritis disease who underwent gastroduodenal endoscopy were enrolled in this study. The presence of the cagA, vacA, oipA, babA2, and iceA genes in antral gastric biopsy specimens were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the results were compared with clinical outcomes and histological parameters.
The frequency of babA2+, oipA+, vacA s1/m2, and vacA m2 genes was signiﬁcantly higher in infected subjects with PUD compared with infected subjects with gastritis. In contrast, the frequency of vacA s1/m1 gene was signiﬁcantly higher in gastritis subjects than PUD subjects. The high-density scores of H. pylori were strongly associated with iceA1¯, babA2+, and oipA+ genes. Additionally, the high polymorphonuclear cell infiltration and high mononuclear cell infiltration scores were strongly associated with the cagA+, iceA1¯, oipA+ genes and cagA+, babA2+, oipA+ genes, respectively.
Our study indicated that the vacA, babA2, and oipA virulence factors are related to a higher risk of PUD in subjects with H. pylori-infection. Infection with these strains was associated with a more severe gastropathy.
Helicobacter pylori; Virulence factors; Gastritis; Peptic ulcer disease; Inflammation
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