Prevalence of COVID-19 among people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Nooshin Nazarinejad, Nazila Bostanshirin, Negin Noorisepehr, Fatemeh Sameni ©

Prevalence of COVID-19 among people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

کد: G-97230

نویسندگان: Nooshin Nazarinejad, Nazila Bostanshirin, Negin Noorisepehr, Fatemeh Sameni ©

زمان بندی: زمان بندی نشده!

برچسب: میکروب شناسی

دانلود: دانلود پوستر

خلاصه مقاله:

Background and Aim

Whether human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with a higher risk of morbidity and mortality due to corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is unclear. In the present study, we aimed to provide a systematic review and meta-analysis of HIV among patients with COVID-19 through case reports/case series and prevalence studies.

Methods

A systematic literature search strategy was conducted via reviewing original research articles published in Medline, Web of Science, and Embase databases in 2019 and 2020. Statistical analysis was performed using STATA software, version 14.0 (Stata Corporation, College Station, Texas, USA) to report the prevalence of HIV among patients with COVID-19. Case reports/case series were also evaluated as a systematic review.

Results

Sixty-three studies (53 case reports/case series and 10 prevalence studies) were included in our study. A meta-analysis of prevalence studies showed that HIV infection among patients with COVID-19 were reported in 6 countries (Uganda, China, Iran, USA, Italy and Spain) with an overall frequency of 1.2 % [(95% CI) 0.8-1.7] among 14424 COVID-19 patients. Conforming to the results of the case reports/case series, 111 patients with HIV have been reported among 113 patients with COVID-19 from 19 countries. Most of the cases were in the USA, China, Italy, and Spain.

Conclusion

People with HIV are more likely to develop more severe complications from COVID-19 . Targeted policies should be considered to address this raised risk in the current pandemic. Our findings highlight the importance of identifying underlying diseases, co-infections, co-morbidities, laboratory findings, and beneficial treatment strategies for HIV patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords

HIV; COVID-19; Coronavirus; meta-analysis

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